The feet and ankles literally form the foundation of the human body. As with any structure, the integrity of the foundation will affect everything above it, and all structures above will impact on the foundation. So, when we start looking at our posture I always start at the feet and ankles and work my way up. The condition of the feet and ankles will impact on the performance of any weight bearing e.g. standing, squatting, walking, running and lunging.
If your foot over-pronates (falls inward towards the midline), the calve muscles are pulled out of alignment via the heel and become tight and twisted which reduces its flexibility, which then impacts on the ankles ability to dorsal flex.
When we have over-pronation of the foot or feet, this can cause a medial displacement of the knee which can create tracking issues at the knee. (remember if you have pain at the knee it is an early warning sign that either your hip or foundation might be off) This can also cause the upper a leg to displace the femur within the hip socket (acetabulum), which then affects movement at the hip, pelvis and lower back. If these movements are excessive, they lead to an abnormal anterior rotation of the pelvis that cause the lumbar spine to arch in excess, thereby resulting in excessive lumbar lordosis. Often in a case of excessive lumbar lordosis, we see an excessive forward rounding of the upper back, as the body needs to compensate for the forward rounding by arching the lower back excessively to keep the torso upright or you would fall over.
When we have excessive rounding of the T/spine it also causes our shoulders to protract and elevate, which means our arms will face forward and our shoulders will come up and create tension in our upper shoulders. When this happens it sets off a chain of compensatory patterns in the head and neck – it results in the head moving forward with the torso, and then the head needs to tilt up to enable us to see to the horizon or whatever we are focusing on. Ultimately, this dysfunction causes excess stress on our necks.
It is easy to see how a dysfunction in one part of the body is usually a compensation for a dysfunction of another area of the body.
If you feel that you have any of the above posture issues you would benefit greatly from my SMR AND RELEASE PROGRAM